Universal Design for Instruction
Universal Design for Instruction (UDI) is a set of principles meant to address the needs of all learners. A classroom that adopts these principles seeks to not only support the needs of students requiring accommodations, but the needs of all learners to allow them to learn at their best. These principles, introduced by Scott, McGuire, and Shaw (2001), are increasingly being embraced by educators across the nation.
Summary of Principles
- Equitable use: Accessible and usable by everyone.
- Flexibility in use: Accommodated to individual needs with choices provided.
- Simple and intuitive: Clear and easily understood regardless of students' experience, knowledge, language skills, or current concentration level.
- Perceptible information: Accessible regardless of students’ sensory abilities.
- Tolerance for error: Anticipates learning pace and prerequisite skills. Instruction anticipates variation in individual student learning pace and prerequisite skills.
- Low physical effort: Minimizes nonessential physical effort (unless physical effort is integral to the essential requirements of a course).
- Size and space for approach and use: Considers physical and sensory access to environment, equipment, tasks.
- A community of learners: Promotes interaction and communication among students and between students and faculty.
- Instructional climate: Welcoming and inclusive.