Consider the following when drafting learning outcomes:
- Learning outcomes describe learning that is observable in the form of behavior or expression of thoughts. Determine what evidence or indicators will show you that learning has occurred. In other words, how will you know?
- Use specific action verbs to describe the desired behaviors, knowledge, skills, and values the learning experience is intended to impart. Refer to Bloom's Taxonomy and Fink’s Taxonomy of Significant Learning on page 9 of the Self-Directed Guide to Designing Courses.
- Describe behaviors that are measurable. Avoid using verbs that are vague and difficult to measure (e.g. “understand” and “know”).
- Use language that is clear and free of jargon so that both novice and expert students will understand what is expected.
- Set learning outcomes that are appropriate for your audience in terms of identity, prior knowledge, and course level.
- Link course learning outcomes directly to the activities and assessments of the course.
- Share learning outcomes in a prominent and easily identifiable location such as your syllabus or Canvas home page.